The Gascoignes :: Part Eight, Servants
The Servants circa 1861
Perhaps the most striking discovery that has occurred in respect of the servants who worked at Parlington is the story of John Shelton, who was a butler at Parlington in 1861, his details can be seen on the extract of the 1861 census below.
The full sory of John Shelton, the Stereo viewer shown at the head of this page and the stereo photographs, is contained in the Artifacts section
The Servants circa 1908
The photograph below, taken around 1908 is of the servants of the house along with the Gamekeeper, Alexander Hickmott [seated on the left] Four other characters in the picture are known; behind Hickmott is his wife Florence, and seated on the right is Louis Hawkett with his wife a daughter next to him. It was thought that the photograph was taken at Parlington, although no-one new where, however close observation of the window cill on the extreme right clearly identifies the location as the West Wing, the east elevation, see the close up of the the cill from 1908 and today.
Census Check 1901
Since the picture above came to light, I have investigated the characters in the photograph and think they are as follows; but first, from the 1901 census, some seven or so years earlier, there are six servants recorded at Parlington, along with the old Colonel Frederick Charles Trench-Gascoigne, aged 86. Bear in mind Isabella his wife had died in 1891, ten years earlier, and her sister Elizabeth an occasional resident at Parlington had died in 1893, leaving the estate at Lotherton to the old Colonel's son, (Frederick Richard Trench-Gascoigne), by 1901 he and his wife were at Lotherton.
- Annie Harwood, [S], Cook, aged 41 b: Binderson?, Sussex
- May Barlow, [S], Housemaid, aged 21, b: Alfreton, Derbys
- Mary H Jackson, [S], Still room Maid, aged 22, b: Grosmont, Yorks
- Louis Hawkett, [S], Groom, aged 29, b: Woodchurch, Kent
- Edward I Griffin, [S], Footman, aged 25, b: Woolwich, Kent
- William J Kingswell, [Wid], Butler, aged 39, b: Ventnor, Isle of W
Analysis from the Data
I think Kingswell (Butler) is the man, second left on the back row of the servants, we know that the man seated on the left front row is Alexander Hickmott (Gamekeeper), with his wife behind him? Annie Harwood (Cook) is seated in the centre, then Louis Hawkett (Groom, later to become Chauffeur) is on the right, with wife seated next to him and daughter standing. Edward Griffin (Footman) is on the back row with his arms folded, at the penulimate right end, leaving the two younger ladies, May Barlow (Housemaid) and Mary Jackson (Still Room? Maid), but I don't have an idea who is who! Bear in mind that the census is probably seven years or more before the photograph, so Louis Hawkett was still single at the time of the census, whereas he has a child by the time of the picture, and I believe she was not the first born, two others I think had pre-deceased her!!
East Elevation Today
Window Cill Close up
Many of the family heirlooms and even parts of the building fabric, such as marble fireplaces were dismantled and taken to Lotherton Hall, to be prominent features in the re-modelling of the house in the early twentieth century. Significant pieces of the structure were also moved, around 1930, to provide a feature garden at Lotherton, suitably titled the
Parlington Gardens. The centre piece was the old Porte Cochère, pictured below. A fountain similar to that which had been the focus of the gardens at the old hall was also built as part of the new
Alexander Hickmott, Gamekeeper
Additional information has come to light since the first posting of the picture of the servants, above. A relative of Alexander Hickmott [seated on the left] , gave me this information:
Alexander Horace Hickmott is my second cousin three times removed - whatever that means! Our common link is his great grandfather Russell Hickmott who is my fourth great grandfather.
Well, Murray who lives in Canada then provided me with the following data.
Alexander died in 1949 in Barskton Ash, [Near Scarthingwell Golf Course, just so you know where it is] his son Guy served in WW1 as a machine gunner and he was married to a Adelaide Richardson in 1929 Tadcaster Reg [Registery Office]. And he died in 1956 aged about 57 in the Don Valley area. [Sheffield, Rotherham vicinity]
The deaths of people who had first hand knowledge of Parlington in its heyday, occurred literally within my life time, but sadly I was only to discover the old place decades later! Further information on Alexander from Murray is as follows:
Alexander Horace HICKMOTT was born on 17 April 1859 in Frant, Sussex.
1881 census Alexander is a servant at 'Gridge Castle', [I suspect that should be Eridge Castle, pictured here, a great collection of pictures of the place.] Frant, Sussex.
1891 census he is a groundskeeper living with brother Harry a gameskeeper at Birk Cottage, South Weald, Essex.
1901 census he is married to Florence and has a son Guy R. age 2. He is now Head Gamekeeper, Parlington Kennels, Parlington, West Riding York. Parents: Frederick HICKMOTT and Mary TURNER.
Spouse: Florence DODSON. Florence DODSON and Alexander Horace HICKMOTT were married about December 1893 in Doncaster, Co. Yorkshire. Children were: Guy Reginald HICKMOTT.
Extra Parlington Links
Sharing & Feeds
To increase space for the Navigation Buttons, the graphic "Parlington Hall" at the head of the page is a link which will return you to the Home page. Or click Home here.
Archived Recent Additions
To assist in the legibility of these pages I am introducing a comments system, which takes the form of the icon with an identifier of
HIDE. These are to add contextual references to the copy, which may need additional explanation.
Within the main column are occasional references marked like this  which link to this notes column, to return to the point in the body copy click on the [Back] link.
 The servants photograph, was provided by the Curator of Lotherton Hall, Dr Adam White, he obtained a copy from the former chauffeur to the Gascoignes, Bill Burlingham. The man, Louis Hawkett, seated on the right was Bill's predecessor in the job. Although at that time he was the coachman.[ Back ]
 The gardens at Lotherton were the subject of a research document by Mette Eggen in 1987, her findings point to the establishment of the Parlington Gardens in the early 1930's. Additional evidence on the demolition photographs taken by the National Monuments Record, suggest that the demolition was carried out in two stages, the 1930's and 1952.[ Back ]
A further snippet of evidence, again provided by David Teal, is an article in the Leeds paper The Skyrack Courier in 1910, Titled
Scouts at Parlington Park
A Merry Time at the Old Hall
[Click Note for Transcript]
Skyrack story reads as follows:
About a hundred members of the 7th Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment (Leeds Rifles) spent a busy couple of days in Parlington Park, Aberford. They were out for scouting instruction, which is a very wide term - as they found out to their cost on Monday afternoon when they were searching for hidden Boy Scouts under a sweltering sun. It is an ideal spot for teaching the citizen soldier something more than the rudiments of spying out the land - and if long working days count for anything the men should benefit materially by their brief visit to this historic place.
Cyclists and men on foot paraded at the Carlton Hill Barracks on Monday morning, the cyclist section proceeding to Parlington by road via Foundry Lane. The remainder entrained at Leeds for Garforth and marched thence to the park, where the day's work was begun in earnest. Two lines of skirmishers were formed, and operations against an imaginary enemy were begun. Practice in the judgement of distance was also indulged in - and then came the well earned adjournment. For the heat was tropical and to work over varied ground without meeting any opposing force that might have been there - but was not - a view of you is arduous enough at any time.
It was in the afternoon, however, that the most interesting task of the day was entered upon. The youthful enthusiasts of the countryside who have adopted the slouch hat and the staff of the Boy Scouts were stationed in force in Parlington Park, and they welcomed the opportunity of pitting their ingenuity against that of the older folk from Leeds. The lads were only too eager to be the outposts of the 'enemy' and play a sort of hide-and-seek game with the Territorials. It was a great success, too, and some of the boys showed a marked aptitude for eliminating themselves from the landscape until the hostile scouts had passed. Captures, indeed, were remarkably few; but both sides claimed the victory. Late in the afternoon the 'engagement' was suspended, and the wearied men returned to quarters for the night highly satisfied with themselves - that is, if their vocal efforts were any criterion.
Thanks to Colonel Gascoigne's generous interest in the welfare of his visitors, the men were housed with every comfort at the Old Hall; and on Monday night they had a really rollicking time. For although the work was hard, it was never uninteresting, and in the beautiful park the glorious evening was more than compensation for the rigours of military duty. The men returned to Leeds on Tuesday evening.
The foregoing narrative from the Skyrack Courier is just so informative of the time, that I had to transcribe it all, for you, the readers to appreciate!
Particularly interesting is that Colonel Gascoigne, [Richard, that is, living at Lotherton] was able to accommodate around 100 Territorials in the Old Hall, that's a lot of people, and no mention of whether the scouts stayed over as well!
Site Sections [Old Site]
The new site adds considerably to the content about Parlington, but until the whole site has been redesigned some sections may be unavailable on the new site, to overcome this problem, you can visit any of the old pages by clicking on the icon below to show the original site navigation.