The Gascoignes :: Introduction, Part One
The Gascoigne family & the people associated with them.
This page is the best starting point if you are interested in the Gascoigne family and/or people associated with them, in particular those who served the family over the many generations. During the four years of the existence of this site many people have made contact with me in connection with ancestors or relatives who were employed by the Gascoignes, some of the people have been identified on old photographs which have been collected and in one case two individuals from quite separate backgrounds had relatives on the same old photograph! Look here
The following is a copy from the pamphlet introducing Lotherton Hall, the last home of the Family. The Gascoignes originated from Gascony [in Northern France] and are said to have come to England at the time of the Norman conquest. By the fourteenth century the Gascoignes had estates at Gawthorpe and Harewood, where some of their tombs can still be seen. Eventually the estates were to pass on to Thomas Wentworth of Wentworth Woodhouse, who married the Gascoigne heiress, Margaret, in 1567. [To see relationship to Harewood click on the note below]
Gawthorpe and Harewood are extremely close together; view the map on the Ordnance Survey here Gawthorpe according to a reference in the book titled, "The Building of the English Country House" ISBN: 1-85285-556-8, is covered by the lake at Harewood House. The old manor house, Gawthorpe Hall was in a damp hollow besides a tiny tributory of the River Wharfe.
Harewood House by J. M. W. Turner circa 1800. The lake in the foreground.
The junior branch of the family, headed by Nicholas Gascoigne, acquired the estate of Lasingcroft in 1392. This was to remain the family seat until the sixteenth century, when Richard Gascoigne purchased the estate of Barnbow not far from Leeds. This in turn was to be surplanted by Parlington. Set due west of Aberford, the Parlington Estate had been bought by Richard Gascoigne's father John from Thomas Wentworth in 1546.
Sir John Gascoigne, the 1st Baronet, succeeded in 1602; he was Richard Gascoigne's grandson and until the death of Sir Thomas Gascoigne in 1810 there was a continuous succession. Sir John and his family had reverted to Roman Catholicism in 1604. Sir Thomas, 2nd Baronet, also a zealous Catholic, was an ardent supporter of the Royal cause in the Civil War [Wikipedia] and had his land confiscated in 1644. A critic said of him that he was mentally incapable, but he gave some indication of his ability when he secured his own acquittal in the face of the notorious Judge Jeffreys, on a charge of treason for his part in the so-called Barnbow Plot. He afterwards retired to Lampspringe, Germany, where his younger brother John was Abbot, and died there in 1686.[See Note below]
Background conditions of the time: Sir Thomas Gascoigne 2nd Baronet [b: 1596 d: 1686] During the years of the Commonwealth, following the victory of the Parliamentarians in the Civil War, the Gascoigne's made considerable efforts to avoid the predetory intent of the government through it's Sequestration Commissioners to seize assets from those it saw fit to persue. By indenture Sir Thomas Gascoigne, his wife and eldest son of the one part, and Sir William Wentworth, of Wooley, of the other part, the family estates in Barwick, Scholes, Barnbow, Lasingcroft, Shippen, Garforth, Parlington, Aberford, Branmham and Clifford were mortgaged to Sir William Wentorth in consideration of the sum of one thousand pounds and the paying of debts and annuities according to an acompanying schedule. Beneath the endorsement of the deed written in another hand is
Being a cover against ye Sequestrators,
Therefore it is not surprising that some years later Sir Thomas and others were accused of a conspiracy to overthrow the monarch Charles II. The following is an extract from 'Edmund Bogg's book of The Old Kingdom of Elmet' pub.1902
Barnbow and Shippen was the scene of the supposed Popish plot, where Sir Thomas Gascoigne and others assembled to devise means to overthrow the Government and re-establish the Roman Catholic Faith. Regarding this plot there is a printed pamphlet, now very scarce, entitled 'The narrative of Robert Bolron, of Shippen Hall, Gent., concerning tghe late Popish plot and conspiracy for the destruction of His Majesty and the Protestant Religion.' Bolron, the accuser was steward of Sir Thomas Gascoigne's coal mines and dwelt at Shippen Hall. He had been brought up in the reformed faith, but, on taking service under the squire of Barnbow, he became a Roman Catholic, and he seems to have changed his faith as easily as his coat.
The account in Bogg's book was probably from Colman as he was one of the contributors, his detailed account of the Barnbow Plot is set out in the Thoresby Society Publication 'History of Barwick in Elmet', dated 1908. This will be added at some point in the future. However for the record, Sir Thomas and his co-conspiritors were acquitted in front of Lord Chief Justice Scroggs, Justices Pemberton, Dolben and Jones and Sir George Jeffreys, the Recorder. [The Judges seem more dangerous than the defendants!]
His surviving son succeeded him but died without an heir, whereupon the estates passed to his two nephews in turn. The elder, Thomas, 4th Baronet, who is said to have conformed to the established church, also died without heir, leaving his estates to his brother. In 1723 the lands were inherited by Edward Gascoigne, who became the 6th Baronet.
Focus of this Website
Parlington Hall is the main emphasis of this site, the Gascoigne family who controlled its destiny are considered in the context of the Hall from the time of Sir Edward Gascoigne until the death of Sir Alvary Gascoigne in 1970. The Gascoigne family tree has been re-drawn to better demonstrate the lineage through to modern times, please click on the small image below for a full size family tree. The Roman numerals after the name of the key individuals are the position in the full line back to William Gascoigne at about the time of William the Conquerer 1067.
The key individuals are ringed in each of the three family tree charts, starting with Sir Edward Gascoigne. In the second chart, the Gascoigne bloodline ceases at the death of Sir Thomas Gascoigne in 1810, Mary Turner, Sir Thomas's stepdaughter and her husband Richard Oliver continue the thread through their eldest daughter Isabella and her husband Frederick Trench. The final chart continues the tree but leaves out the latest generation.
The Gascoignes and the UK Timeline
Another mechanism for viewing the Gascoigne family and Parlington Hall events is to view the Timeline event window, this is an adaptation of the M.I.T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) project called
Timeline click on the image below.
The Gascoigne Family Research
The Gascoigne family research has now been added to the site, whilst this is not the main focus of the site, you may be interested in the genealogy and relationships that the pages show. Gascoigne Family Genealogy
Other writers have focused on the Gascoigne family, often choosing one member of the family for consideration, a particularly good description of Sir Thomas Gascoigne formed the dissertation by a student at Leeds University for his M.A. Also a manuscript on the gardens at Lotherton Hall, covering the early twentieth century may become available here subject to future approval.
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